Tuesday, October 15, 2019

The use of wing remains to determine condition before death in brown teal ( Anas chlorotis )

TitleThe use of wing remains to determine condition before death in brown teal ( Anas chlorotis )
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsMoore, SJ, Battley, PF
JournalNotornis
Volume50
Issue3
Pagination133-140
Type of Articlepaper
KeywordsAnas chlorotis, brown teal, condition, fat, reintroduction
Abstract

Little is known of the causes of mortality in captive-bred brown teal (Anas chlorotis) released to the wild. To test whether feeding difficulties have contributed to the poor survival of released birds, we developed a method to detect starvation using the wing fat content of brown teal. We extracted the lipids from 4 outer wing components of 17 intact brown teal carcasses. The lipid content of each component reflected the birds' nutritional condition (based on body mass and size, and visible fat). Lipids were also extracted from the outer wing components of 7 partial brown teal carcasses, 6 of which were from captive-bred released birds whose cause of death could not be determined. All of the released teal were found to have been in very poor nutritional condition immediately before death, implicating starvation as a factor in their deaths. Improving the feeding regime of captive-bred brown teal (pre- and post-release) is likely to increase their survival.

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