Survival and age-at-first-return estimates for grey-faced petrels (Pterodroma macroptera gouldi) breeding on Mauao and Motuotau Island in the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand
|Title||Survival and age-at-first-return estimates for grey-faced petrels (Pterodroma macroptera gouldi) breeding on Mauao and Motuotau Island in the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Jones, CJ, H.Clifford,, Fletcher, D, Cuming, P, Lyver, PO'B|
|Type of Article||Full article|
|Keywords||age-at-first-return, apparent survival, Grey-faced Petrel, mark-recapture, multi-state models, Pterodroma macroptera gouldi|
We estimated apparent annual survival of adult and young grey-faced petrels (Pterodroma macroptera gouldi) and age of first return to the natal colony of young birds from 2 colonies in the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand, between 1991 and 2008. We analysed the capture histories of 5844 adult birds and 928 chicks in a mark-recapture framework. The apparent adult annual survival rate was 0.89 after accounting for transience effects, which were greater at the mainland site (Mauao, Mount Maunganui) than on the island colony (Motuotau, Rabbit Island). Annual survival of young birds between fledging and 2 years of age was 0.844 for Mauao and 0.865 for Motuotau. Around 50% of fledglings that returned to their natal colony did so by 4 years of age, and by age 6, the probability of a fledgling returning was approximately 1.0. These are the first reliable estimates of these parameters for grey-faced petrels and are vital for models aimed at predicting the effects of natural perturbations or management interventions on breeding populations.