Translocation of fluttering shearwater ( Puffinus gavia ) chicks to create a new colony
|Title||Translocation of fluttering shearwater ( Puffinus gavia ) chicks to create a new colony|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Authors||Bell, M, Bell, BD, Bell, EA|
|Type of Article||paper|
|Keywords||chick transfer, colony establishment, Fluttering shearwater, hand-rearing, Puffinus gavia, translocation|
A trial translocation to establish a new fluttering shearwater (Puffinus gavia) colony is reported. From 1991 to 1996, 334 fluttering shearwater chicks were transferred from Long Island to Maud Island, Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand. Chicks were artificially housed and hand-fed until fledging. Overall fledging success was 82%, 32 of the 273 chicks that fledged returned to Maud Island, and 30 have bred. Mean age of fi rst breeding was 6.8 years (range 5-10 years). Returning chicks were heavier at fledging and spent longer on Maud Island than chicks that did not return. Transferred chicks showed typical post-fledging behaviour by dispersing to southeast Australian waters. The new colony has gradually increased, and 15 pairs bred in 2003/04. Methods developed have application to endangered species management.