Regional patterns of migration in the Banded Dotterel ( Charadrius bicinctus bicinctus )
|Title||Regional patterns of migration in the Banded Dotterel ( Charadrius bicinctus bicinctus )|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1999|
|Type of Article||paper|
|Keywords||Australia, Banded Dotterel, Charadrius bicinctus bicinctus, migration, New Zealand, seasonal movements|
Banded Dotterels (Charadrius bicinctus bicinctus) exhibit a variety of seasonal movement patterns ranging from sedentary behaviour, through migration within New Zealand, to trans-Tasman migration. From 1985 to 1990 the Ornithological Society of New Zealand (OSNZ) studied the regional patterns of movement of Banded Dotterels which had been colour-banded on the breeding grounds. Sight-recoveries indicated that most birds in inland regions of the southern half of the South Island migrated to Australia, but coastal breeding birds in the South Island were mostly sedentary. Inland birds north of Canterbury mostly moved within New Zealand, particularly to harbours in the North Island but with regionally specific patterns - Westland birds mainly to Farewell Spit, Marlborough birds to the northern North Island and Farewell Spit, southern North Island birds either locally or to the Auckland region, and most Hawkes Bay and Volcanic Plateau birds to Bay of Plenty and Auckland. Breeding habitat modified this pattern; coastal birds were mainly sedentary, whereas birds on nearby inland riverbeds were migratory. Migration patterns are discussed in terms of advantages and disadvantages of different wintering options.