Population decline of brown teal ( Anas chlorotis ) on Great Barrier Island
|Title||Population decline of brown teal ( Anas chlorotis ) on Great Barrier Island|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2003|
|Authors||Ferreira, SM, Taylor, S|
|Type of Article||paper|
|Keywords||Anas chlorotis, brown teal, demography, Great Barrier Island, population decline, population model|
The brown teal (Anas chlorotis) is a threatened duck endemic to New Zealand, whose single remaining stronghold is on Great Barrier Island. During a study at Awana from 1985 to 1987 it was concluded that the population was stable. We evaluated this proposition by analysing counts made at flocking sites between 1985 and 2001, examining their demography, and by developing an age-specific demographic model to predict the likely persistence time of the population. Numbers of teal at flocking sites declined between 1985 and 2001 though demographic variables did not change except for duckling survival rate, which increased from 26% during 1996 to 54% during 1999. Previous predictions of stability were based on an incorrect model and our model suggests that the brown teal population will halve every 4.1 years. The decline observed since 1987 could be halted by improving adult survival rate.