Disseminations which established Canada goose (Branta canadensis) throughout New Zealand
|Title||Disseminations which established Canada goose (Branta canadensis) throughout New Zealand|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Imber, MJ, Williams, M|
|Type of Article||Full article|
|Keywords||acclimatisation, Branta canadensis, Canada goose, introduction, New Zealand|
Of 4 importations of Canada goose Branta canadensis into New Zealand, 2 (in 1905, 1920) resulted in breeding. Commencing in 1907, multiple and repeated releases of the 1905 geese and their progeny had, by 1922, established flocks of several hundred distributed along the eastern Canterbury and Otago foothills of the Southern Alps. Thereafter, the geese spread widely but remained resident and breeding only in the South Island. Establishment of Canada geese in North Island commenced in 1969 with the first of 4 transfers by the Wildlife Service, collectively totalling 280 birds from Canterbury’s Lakes Ellesmere and Forsyth, to coastal Wairoa lakes and nearby locations. The Wildlife Service assisted numerous other transfer and release initiatives, of at least 800 birds, in North Island in the 1970s and 1980s, principally by Wellington and Auckland Acclimatisation Societies, Ducks Unlimited, and private waterfowl enthusiasts. At the same time it supported transfers of 450 geese to the South Island’s West Coast. From these multiple releases Canada geese have become widespread in rural New Zealand.